English Literature (ENLT)

ENLT 106W  Language and Literature  (3.5)  

A range of courses taught in tandem with "W" courses in other disciplines. Students may earn three literature hours and fulfill the writing proficiency requirement. May be repeated.

ENLT 151  Introduction to Literature  (3)  

Introduction to Literature (3/4) This course introduces students to the skills of reading and writing that enable us to appreciate, understand, and enjoy literary texts. It fulfills the Sophia literature requirement. W sections of this course also allow students to fulfill the writing proficiency requirement.

ENLT 211  Animals in Literature and Society  (3)  

This interdisciplinary course explores how literature shapes and reflects human responses to nonhuman animals, using theoretical frameworks and direct experience of human-animal interactions to focus these explorations. This course responds to the transformation of human understanding of nonhuman animals as the older view of animals as instinct driven machines is replaced by new recognition of animal agency and culture. This transformation challenges us to take nonhuman animals more seriously in literature and society.

ENLT 213  Environmental Literature  (3)  

This course studies writings that engage their readers with the natural environment. We will learn the ways of reading that these texts teach in order to bring us into fuller contact with our surroundings and the living energy they share with us. The course readings—poetry, fiction, and non-fiction—emphasize different roles humans take in their relations with nature: observer, indweller, dependent, exploiter, caretaker. We will consider carefully the ways in which people are gendered into these roles and the global implications of our civilization’s exploitative dependence on nature.

ENLT 216  Literature of Social Justice  (3)  

Readings among a range of literary texts which raise questions about problems that hinder the creation of a more equitable society for all.

ENLT 217  Contemporary Women’s Fiction  (3)  

Readings of contemporary women writers since the 1960s.

ENLT 222  Greek Literature  (3)  

Homeric epic and Athenian tragedy; possible additional readings from other Greek literary genres or later adaptations of Greek literature.

ENLT 223  Classical Mythology  (3)  

This course studies Greek and Roman mythology: the stories through which the people of these ancient cultures sought to come to terms with the condition of human beings—their happiness and their misery—in a world apparently governed by powers and forces whose workings cannot be circumscribed within the scope of human reason. Our study of the body of stories that comprises classical mythology will seek, in turn, to come to terms with the way of knowing the world it represents.

ENLT 224  Sorcery and Damnation  (3)  

From Homer and Dante to Anthony Burgess and Anne Rice, this course examines one of the oldest and most fascinating of literary tropes, the “Descent into the Underworld,” exploring how the concepts of hell and sorcery have evolved from classical times through our own. Texts may include Dante, Inferno; Marlowe, Doctor Faustus; Shakespeare, Macbeth; Mozart, Don Giovanni; Lewis, The Monk; Burgess, A Clockwork Orange; Rice, Memnoch the Devil and others.

ENLT 228  Irish Literature  (3)  

A survey of Irish literature. Topics may range from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century.

ENLT 232  Arthurian Literature  (3)  

An exploration of the myth of Arthur from its medieval roots to the present day. While this course will focus on literary depictions of Arthur, we might also foray into how this mythic king has been represented in other media, including film.

ENLT 234  Shakespeare: Page, Stage, and Screen  (3)  

An exploration of the various ways in which Shakespeare’s texts have been produced in theatrical performances and in films.

ENLT 238  Jane Austen  (3)  

A study of Jane Austen’s fiction in the context of her life and times. We’ll read several of her major novels.

ENLT 244  Tolkien and Modern Fantasy  (3)  

This course explores the importance and the pleasures of fantasy through the work that defined the genre, J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. In the first part of the course, we will read works anticipate Tolkien's novel and that influenced and inspired him. In the middle part of the course, we will read The Lord of the Rings carefully. In the course's last part, we will consider some major works of recent fantasy to see what some of Tolkien's most notable successors do—thematically, stylistically, and politically—with the model for the genre he established.

ENLT 251  African-American Literature  (3)  

Materials grouped variously for each class by theme, genre or historical period. May be repeated.

ENLT 253  Native American Literature  (3)  

Materials grouped variously for each class by theme, genre, or historical period. May be repeated.

ENLT 254  William Carlos Williams, the Poet Doctor: Exploring the Intersections Between Poetics and Medicine  (3)  

William Carlos Williams (WCW), one of the 20th century’s most crucial American poets, also worked as a tireless doctor, who, by his own count, delivered around 3,000 babies. He also made daily house calls, and even though one might think his medical profession would detract from his poetry and poetics, he saw the exact opposite to be the case. His attentiveness to his patients deepened his attentiveness to language, and vice-versa, so much so that his medical practice could be described as a poetics of listening. The content and the assignments of this course, then, are designed specifically for nursing students (though students from any major are welcome to take it as well). Along with two more traditional essays (one focusing on WCW’s early poetics, one focusing on his later poetics), students will keep an Attentiveness Journal. Students will also complete an ekphrasis project that further deepens their attentiveness to their surroundings and to language.

ENLT 255  Women of Genius: American Literature in the Suffragette Era  (3)  

At the turn of the 20th century, talented women of every description were fighting to have a voice: in politics, in society, in marriage; over their education, their bodies, and their economic destiny. How that struggle worked its way into the fiction and drama of the era (roughly 1880 to 1920) is the focus of this course. A recurring motif is the woman of great natural abilities – someone with a “genius” for this or that calling – who attempts, against steep odds, to win a public audience for her talents, whether from the lectern, the stage, the pulpit, or print. 

ENLT 272  Multiethnic Graphic Narrative  (3)  

This course introduces students to graphic narrative as a form utilizing words (literature) and drawings (visual art) in combination. Focusing on works by multiethnic writers, it attends closely to the themes and issues surrounding cultural diversity and the manner in which discourses addressing these issues are represented in the texts.

ENLT 277  Women in Film  (3)  

An exploration of the ways in which women as performers, writers, producers, directors and audience have shaped the movies.

ENLT 278  From Fiction to Film  (3)  

A study of how narratives evolve and transform when fiction is adapted for the silver screen. Emphasis is on literary and cinematic elements, techniques, and conventions.

ENLT 279  Jane Austen and Film  (3)  

This course studies selected film adaptations of Austen’s novels while reading the original texts, relevant feminist film theory, and scholarly criticism. Students will gain basic skills in reading film knowledgeably and critically along with deeper understanding of Austen’s themes, plots, and characters. Throughout the course we will explore questions of gaze, pleasure, and point of view at all levels, attempting to become more self-conscious readers of texts, films, and our own desires in relation to them. We will also explore the absence and presence of racial, class, ability, and cultural difference in both Austen’s texts and these films.

ENLT 281  British Literature: Beowulf to 1800  (3)  

Readings through the medieval, Renaissance, and Enlightenment periods. Includes such authors as Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, Donne, Behn, and Swift.

ENLT 282  British Literature: 1800 to Present  (3)  

Readings through the Romantic, Victorian, modern and contemporary periods. Includes such authors as Blake, Wordsworth and other Romantics, Austen, the Brontes, Tennyson, and 20th-century poets.

ENLT 290  Topics in Literature  (1-3)  

A range of courses offering literary study. May be repeated.

ENLT 303  History of the Book  (3)  

This course examines the history of the book from the Classical period through the modern day, in both European and global contexts. It traces the development of textual media from the cuneiform tablet to the e­book and interrogates how formal and material shifts in production methods might have influenced how written works were read by classical and pre­modern audiences. Exploration of the book as a historically­ defined technological device further allows consideration of how the book is continuing to develop within the current digital age and how these developments might shape how future generations will navigate textual environments.

ENLT 304  History of the English Language  (3)  

The development of English from Anglo-Saxon times to the present; the influence of changing politics, economics, and thought patterns on language; and historical and contemporary attitudes toward the speaking and teaching of English.

ENLT 311  Medieval Literature  (3)  

Traces the origins and development of English literature from c. 700-1500. We will read a selection of Old English, Anglo-Norman, and Middle English works in light of their historical, political, social, and literary contexts. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 312  Chaucer  (3)  

A survey of the works of Chaucer that examines his literary output in the broader context of late medieval thought and culture.

ENLT 314  16th/17th-Century British Literature  (3)  

Traces the development of English literature from the end of the Middle Ages and the Reformation to the English Civil War and the Restoration, with particular attention to the impact of religious and political controversy on the development of poetic form and language. Readings include lyric and narrative poetry, drama, and prose by major writers of the period, including women poets Lanyer, Wroth, Phillips, and Cavendish and male poets Wyatt, Spenser, Sidney, Shakespeare, Donne, Herbert, Marvell, and Milton. Prerequisites: ENLT 201 and a second 200-level English course (ENLT or ENWR), or permission of instructor

ENLT 315  Shakespeare  (3)  

Representative comedies, histories, tragedies, and romances, with emphasis on theatre. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 316  Shakespeare and the Power of Art  (3)  

The study of a representative selection of Shakespeare's comedies, histories, tragedies, and romances with particular attention to formal analysis of the plays and to Shakespeare's interest in the power of art to change life. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 327  18th-Century British Novel: Novel Women  (3)  

A critical and historical study of the novel in Britain from Daniel Defoe to Jane Austen. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 328  18th-Century British Literature  (3)  

The quest for new literary forms and new audiences, with emphasis on the Restoration stage, parody and satire, the novel and other prose experiments, and the emergence of professional women of letters. Behn, Pope, Finch, Swift, Johnson, Wollstonecraft, Austen and others.

ENLT 330  Romantic Movements  (3)  

A survey of British Romantic literature and culture (1790-1837). Includes such authors as Blake, Byron, Coleridge, Keats, Radclife, Percy and Mary Shelley, Dorothy and William Wordsworth, and others. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 332  Romantic Era Feminism  (3)  

An overview of late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century feminist writings in social, political, and historical context, with particular attention to Mary Wollstonecraft and her circle. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 333  Victorian Literature  (3)  

A survey of British literature and culture during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). Includes such authors as Arnold, Eliot, Browning, Dickens, Newman, and Tennyson. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 336  19th-Century British Novel: The Victorian Novel  (3)  

A critical and historical study of the novel in Britain from Jane Austen to Tomas Hardy. Prerequisites: ENLT 201 and a second 200-level English course (ENLT or ENWR), or permission of instructor

ENLT 337  The Brontes  (3)  

We will read novels by Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Bronte: Jane Eyre, Villette, Wuthering Heights, and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. We will also read a contemporary biography of Charlotte Bronte, written by her good friend and fellow novelist, Elizabeth Gaskell, as well as selected introductions, critical histories, and critical essays on some novels. Additional short background readings will also be assigned to provide better understanding of women’s legal rights and related issues in nineteenth-century Britain. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 340  20th-Century British Literature  (3)  

A survey of modern literature, with primary focus on literary experimentation and innovation. Conrad, Joyce, Yeats, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, and others. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 343  20th-Century British Novel  (3)  

A critical and historical study of the novel in Britain from Joseph Conrad to the present. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 346  American Literature to 1865  (3)  

Beginning with the Colonial experience, this survey of representative literary works from the early settlement of America to the Civil War emphasizes the Gothic and Transcendental aspects of American Romanticism. Major figures include Franklin, Emerson, Toreau, Whitman, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, and Dickinson. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 347  American Literature 1865 to 1945  (3)  

A survey of American literature from the end of the Civil War to 1945. This course emphasizes literary realism, naturalism, and impressionism, with particular attention to the works of the "Lost Generation" writers of the 1920s. Major figures include Twain, James, Crane, Dreiser, Wharton, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, Frost, and Stevens. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 348  American Literature 1945 to Present  (3)  

A survey of recent fiction, drama, and poetry from the end of World War II to the present. This course emphasizes significant innovation and experimentation in literary forms by American authors who have responded to the cultural upheaval of the sixties and thereafter. Major figures may include Bellow, Barth, Vonnegut, Baldwin, Morrison, Walker, Albee, Heller, Sexton, and DeLillo. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 351  19th-Century American Literature  (3)  

Boundaries are places of creative tension. This course examines the engagement of American writers from the 19th century with the many kinds of boundaries to which they were drawn as sources of creativity: boundaries of gender, race, and class as well as the tension between humans and other animals, nature and culture, wilderness and civilization, built and natural environments. The ways in which we think about gender, race, animals, the environment, and so forth have roots that pass through the 19th century, and therefore the stories and poems from that time are as relevant as ever as we seek to address injustices on both the social and environmental level by accessing the creative energy generated at boundaries. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 352  20th-Century American Literature  (3)  

This course explores how writers grapple with language and consciousness from Stein’s radical breaking-through the (false) construct of ordered prose, to the ways writers explore hybridity, trauma, and healing through this thing we call language. Questions emerge. Can one have consciousness without human language? Is language the best “mirror” of the mind, and if so, which genre best represents what is actually happening within one’s (un)conscious mind? Does language eclipse/confine consciousness?—or does language illuminate/expand consciousness? Can one heal from trauma? If so, how is language involved in that healing process?—or rather, what does “healing” look like on the printed page? And, most crucially, where is the body in all of these interactions? As the course moves from Stein to Toomer, Anzaldúa, Faulkner, Spiegelman, DeLillo, McCarthy, and then to contemporary poets, we span the 20th century. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 354  Immigrant Women’s Writing  (3)  

An exploration of recent immigrant and second generation women’s writing in a variety of genres, engaging with enduring questions about self, community, family, social responsibility, and identity. The course will consider how immigrant women writers negotiate between their inherited cultural and artistic influences and American values and how gender complicates cultural difference. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 358  Development of the American Novel  (3)  

A critical and historical study of novels by such authors as Hawthorne, Melville, James, Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Faulkner, and Bellow. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 360  Global Anglophone Literature  (3)  

Materials grouped variously for each class by theme, genre, or historical period. May be repeated. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 362  Contemporary Global Literature  (3)  

In this course, we will read and analyze a variety of genres of texts by contemporary authors from around the world, including novels, author talks, graphic narrative, and nonfiction prose. All of the texts on the syllabus can be analyzed as examples of cultural and artistic expression and are informed by their varied and complex national, ethnic, religious, sociopolitical, and gendered contexts. Throughout the semester, we will discuss how the texts reflect the varied and intertwined histories from which these writers emerge, and how they participate in a larger conversation about our increasingly globalized perspectives. Moreover, we will note the multiplicity of stylistic and artistic choices reflected in the literature we read and consider how global literature challenges our expectations as Western readers. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 363  20th-Century and Contemporary African Literature  (3)  

In this course, students will read novels, short stories, drama, and nonfiction prose by writers from various countries across the African continent. Throughout our readings, we will pay close attention to issues of language, power, gender, and identity. In particular, we will consider how literature reflects the continuing effects of conquest and imperialism, independence, and postcolonialism. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 366  Postcolonial Women’s Writing  (3)  

A study of significant examples of women’s literature from Africa, South Asia, and the Caribbean written after the end of British colonialism with attention to their engagement with complicated histories of colonization and independence and to their contribution to an understanding of feminism that challenges Western perceptions.

ENLT 367  Caribbean Women’s Literature  (3)  

This course considers Caribbean women’s writings in the light of the intersection of feminist, queer, and postcolonial theory in Caribbean literary studies. The region’s colonial history – and the violent oppression and connected to that history – produced institutions and movements that deeply affected and continue to affect the lives of Caribbean women. We will examine the manner in which their literature represents sexual violence and the ideological appropriation of the female body, sexuality and gender identity, and patriarchy and gender roles. In particular, we will consider how the thematic recurrence of these issues across the texts is related to the social, political, economic, cultural, and ethnic conflicts endemic to colonization and its aftermath. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 375  Contemporary American Poetry in Context  (3)  

Trends, themes, genres and movements in contemporary American poetry, contextualized with relevant works from other periods, cultures and traditions. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 385  Critical Theory  (3)  

This course introduces to the major approaches to theorizing the nature and function of literature and the practice of criticism as they have developed from the 19th century to the present. Our method of approaching theory will be to place theoretical texts in dialogue with literary texts. Prerequisites: ENLT 201 and a second 200-level English course (ENLT or ENWR), or permission of instructor

ENLT 387  Gender and Sexuality in Literature  (3)  

An exploration of the role that gender and sexuality play in the composition, content, structure, and/or reception of literary texts, with attention to the role of gender theory in guiding this exploration. Literary and theoretical materials grouped variously for each class. May be repeated with a different topic. Prerequisite: ENLT 201 and a second ENLT or ENWR course below the 300-level, course, or permission of instructor.

ENLT 390  Topics in Literature  (1-3)  

A range of courses offering advanced literary study. May be repeated.

ENLT 397  Independent Study  (1-3)  

May be repeated.

ENLT 415  Shakespeare and the World  (3)  

The study of a representative selection of Shakespeare's comedies, histories, tragedies, and romances with particular attention to historical analysis of the plays and to Shakespeare's engagement with contemporary social, political, and religious issues. Prerequisite for all ENLT courses numbered 401 to 490 is a 300-level ENLT course or permission of instructor.

ENLT 431  Restoration and 18th-Century British Drama: Script to Stage  (3)  

This course explores the world of Restoration and 18th-century theatre. The Restoration was one of the greatest periods of English drama, a time when an especially brilliant form of theatre—Restoration comedy—was created. This genre will be a main focus of the class, but we will also encounter other genres, including such mongrel genres as weeping comedy and bourgeois tragedy. As we examine the effects of gender, class, politics, and religion on plays throughout the 18th century, we will investigate the effects of innovation and reaction, theater design, the changing make-up of audiences, and the advent of women as actors and professional playwrights. Prerequisite: 300-level ENLT course, or permission of the instructor.

ENLT 451  American Poetry and Poetics  (3)  

From Whitman, Dickinson, and their followers to the confessional disclosures of the mid-20th-century poets, from the imagists to the Beat Poets to ecopoets, American voices and poetic movements are the focus of this course. Prerequisites: 300 level ENLT or instructor permission

ENLT 455  Emily Dickinson  (3)  

This course explores Dickinson’s poems and letters in the context of current scholarship, including monographs, journal articles, online archives, and more. Prerequisite: 300-level ENLT course, or permission of the instructor.

ENLT 490  Topics in Literature  (1-3)  

A range of courses offering advanced literary study. May be repeated.

ENLT 495  Senior Literature Seminar  (3)  

Required of English Literature majors during the first semester of the senior year. Intensive seminar with a select number of texts, involving a research project which will draw upon the student's interpretive skill and her grasp of critical issues within literary and historical contexts. Successful completion of the Senior Seminar satisfies the comprehensive examination requirement for the B.A. Prerequisite: ENLT 385 and senior standing as ENLT or ENLW major.

ENLT 497  Independent Study  (1-3)  

May be repeated.